When Does Soybean Seed Treatment Pay?

Posted November 8, 2018

SOURCE: NE CropWatch

"Farmer Question: I want to book soybean seed this fall for 1000 acres of soybeans. I have always ordered seed treated with fungicide and insecticide but at $20 per unit, does soybean seed treatment pay? I have been following the UNL recommendation of planting soybeans early.

Answer: Like you, many farmers are looking for ways to trim input costs due to lower commodity prices this year. Cutting costs is usually not easy and certainly needs to be done without reducing profitability. Fall soybean seed purchases require farmers to decide about seed treatment without knowing what weather risks they'll face next spring. The prime culprit with soybean seedling diseases is saturated soil conditions coupled with cold temperature leading to slow emergence. Reduced seedling populations may be spatially erratic, especially in poorly drained areas, and cause spot-replant in those areas. Before deciding about seed treatments, soybean producers should answer four questions.

Field History Questions Relative to Fungicide Treatments for Soybean Seed

1. Field History. Is there a history of seedling/emergence problems? If the field has a history of stand problems, treat the soybean seed with a good combination fungicide product.

2. Early Planting. If you are planting soybeans early, as recommended by Nebraska Extension, fungicide seed treatments are a necessity. Cool, wet soils are very conducive to poor stands. No-till fields will have cool soils longer into the season than tilled fields and commonly will have more seedling disease problems.

3. Phytophthora Disease History. We recommend a preventative fungicide treatment on fields with a history of Phytophthora. These fields will need the appropriate fungicide package with the proper seed treatment rate for moderate to high level Phytophthora control. Examples of active ingredients are metalaxyl, mefenoxam, oxathiapiprolin, or ethaboxam fungicides with excellent phytophthora ratings. Even with resistant soybean varieties, we recommend a fungicide seed treatment as fields with Phytophthora also favor Pythium.

4. Sudden Death Syndrome: In fields with a history of Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS), soybean producers should consider using the soybean fungicide treatment ILeVO®. This product has shown promise for addressing SDS in recent university and industry trials. You'll want to analyze the price of the treatment versus past yield losses to SDS in the field. It is important to consider the percentage of the field that has been impacted historically in this decision. Some fields might benefit from using treated seed in only a portion of the field."

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